Cornelius Tiebout Engravings

Links to other pages

Part 9. Emporium of Arts and Sciences

On 31 July 1790, the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office first issued a patent; see Anniversary. The new country was an exciting place for inventors—both American and British—and one of their leading publications during 1812-1814 was the Emporium of Arts and Sciences, for which the leading engraver was Cornelius Tiebout. The Emporium is in two series:
First Series, monthly, from May 1812 to April 1813, volumes 1 and 2, edited by John Redman Coxe (1773-1864; see Wikipedia article about Coxe)

New Series, bi-monthly, from June 1813 to October 1814, volumes 1-3, edited by Thomas Cooper (1759-1839; see Wikipedia article about Cooper)

Both series can by viewed online from the Smithsonian Institution. There are five volumes:

First Series:
Volume 1, 1812
Volume 2, 1813

New Series:
Volume 1, 1812
Volume 2, 1813
Volume 3, 1814

Lists of patents issued in the U.S. and England are of interest, as they represent many of the articles and engraved plates in Emporium. You can view these lists in Volume 1 of the first series:

American 1790-1791 pages 78-79 3 patents
1792-1794 pages 157-159 53 patents
1795-1797   pages 234-237   105 patents
English 1796 pages 79-80 14 patents
1796 page 159 12 patents
1796 pages 237-238 19 patents

Method of consuming Smote
Method of consuming Smoke

Cornelius Tiebout's engravings in Emporium are listed here in the order of appearance in the five volumes (with First Series first, followed by New Series) and in the carousel below. Many of the men whose names appear were British inventors represented in Wikipedia (e.g., Guyton, Bolton, Boswell):

Issue Title (if any)
1    May 1812 Manufacture of Gun Flints
2 May 1812 (Moveable table for engravers; see note below)
3 June 1812 Blasting Rocks under water
Stove of Cit. Guyton
4 June 1812 Section of the Stove of Guyton
5 July 1812 Bolton's improved Jury Mast with his mode of rigging…
6 July 1812 Boswell's Improved Capstan
Manufacture of Gilt Buttons
7 July 1812 Etched on Glass with Fluoric Acid (landscape; see note below)
8 August 1812 Mr. Elmes' Portable Bridge
8 August 1812 Crichton's elastic frame & bed for conveying sick & wounded persons
10 September 1812    Mr. Seppings' Method of suspending Ships
11 September 1812 Spencer's Camp Telegraph
Spratt's Homograph
12 October 1812 Holdens' Machine for Shoemakers
Parker's Machine for Shoemakers
13 October 1812 Davis' Machine for Glaziers
White's improved Letter File
End of vol. 1 of First Series. Next, vol. 2 of First Series
14 November 1812 Machine for raising water to any height
Argand's Valve Siphon
15 November 1812 Mr. Moult's Filtering Apparatus
Smith's method…horse…fallen…Shafts of a load Cart
Taylor's Machine for raising Water
16 December 1812 Captain Brodie's Method of coating Iron Bars
Massey's Sounding Line
Massey's Patent Log
17 January 1813 Mr. Besant's Water Wheel
Davis' Pannels for Security
Phillip's Tubes for driving Bolts into Ships
18 January 1813 Perspective instrument
Jones' optigraph
Instrument for drawing ovals
19 January 1813 Scale for the Vanishing lines in Perspective
Instrument to fix the points in Perspective
Morlock's surveying with very simple Instruments
20 February 1813 Camera Lucidea
Instrument for making drawings from Nature
21 February 1813 Coxe's improved patent bedstead
22 March 1813 Sir G. Cayley's plan for a theatre
23 March 1813 Malton's Portfolios
Plowman's Sheep-fold
Bowler's Screw press
Le Caan's Tram plates
24 March 1813 William's method of connecting the Beams of Ships with their Sides
Varley's improved Linch pins for Axletrees
25 April 1813 Ward's Machine for working in White Lead
Rawlinson's Colour Mill
26 April 1813 Saddler's furnace for smelting lead
27 April 1813 Smelting of Lead
Waistell's Improved Field Gate
Akins Universal Hydrometer
End of vol. 2 of First Series. Next: vol. 1 of New Series
28 June 1813 Modern English Iron Smelting Furnace
29 June 1813 A Modern Pennsylvania Iron Furnace
30 June 1813 Bleaching Linen for Paper Making
31 August 1813 Air Furnace for Cast Iron Foundries
32 August 1813 Steel Furnace
33 October 1813 Mr. Clegg's Apparatus for making Carbonated Hydrogen Gas from Pit Coal
Horizontal Section of the Gazometer at the bottom part
34 October 1813 A perspective view of Dr. Allison's domestic Machine for spinning Wool
35 October 1813 Mr. Cleall's Machine for thrashing Hemp
Mr. Bend's Machine for breaking Hemp
36 October 1813 Coal Gas Apparatus (retort, tubes, furnace)
End of vol. 1 of New Series. Next: vol. 2 of New Series
37 December 1813 (James Watt: views of furnaces used for boilers)
38 December 1813 Mr. W. Thomson's method of consuming smoke 1796
39 December 1813 Method of consuming smoke by J. & J. Roberton of Glasgow 1800
40 December 1813 Steam Engines (Savary, Newcomen, Watt, Cartright)
41 December 1813 Mr. Murray's Portable Steam Engine
42 February 1814 Portable Steam Engine by Mr. Saml. Clegg
43 February 1814 Mr. John Nancarrow's improved steam engine on Savary's principles
44 April 1814 Self-acting & regulating Steam Valve by Mr. Arthur Woolf
45 April 1814 Mr. Woolf's Boiler
46 April 1814 Mr. Woolf's rotary apparatus
Mr. Gregory's contrivance to determine Horse power in Mills
Chevalier Edderantz's Valves for Steam Engines
47 February 1814 The Columbian Steam Engine
End of vol. 2 of New Series. Next: vol. 3 of New Series
48 June 1814 Mr. Ducket's skim coulter plough
49 June 1814 Refining Furnace (= state 2 of Saddler's furnace, April 1813)

Although Tiebout was the main engraver for Emporium, there were also others whose names occur together in a letter at the end of the article that accompanies Tiebout's earliest engraving in Emporium. The letter is introduced by a note from the editor, Dr. Coxe: "I am happy to have it in my power to confirm the value of the above paper, by the following testimonial of some of our best engravers." The letter, headed "Philadelphia, April 27, 1812", follows:

SIR, We have lately seen the plan of a Table invented by the Abbé Joseph Longhi, of Monza, for the use of Engravers, and upon examination of the same, we are of opinion that the invention is not only very ingenious, but also extremely well calculated for the purpose intended. We are, sir, yours, &c.,

[signed by]

It appears that the etched glass plate described by the editor, Dr. Coxe, in vol. 1 (July 1812) was an experiment. He writes (p. 239) that "this engraving is not to be viewed with the eye of fastidious criticism; although in itself it is by no means an indifferent performance, yet its merit arises from its singularity." Coxe goes on to note that "The Editor is much indebted to the assistance of Mr. Tiebout whose excellence as an engraver is well known…", and that the first glass, etched by Tiebout, survived the production of more than 700 plates. A facsimile, used to produced the image in the carousel below, was prepared by another copperplate engraver, a Mr. Duffy.

vol.1 p. 32 vol.1 p. 64 vol.1 p. 108 vol.1 p. 110 vol.1 p. 216 vol.1 p. 228 vol.1 loosely inserted between pages 238 and  239; missing in some copies vol.1 p. 268 vol 1 p. 316 vol.1 p. 370 vol.1 p. 382 vol.1 p. 446 vol.1 p. 454 vol.2 p. 26 vol.2 p. 32 vol.2 p. 110 vol.2 p. 184 vol.2 p. 200 vol.2 p. 264 vol.2 p. 272 vol.2 p. 282 vol.2 p. 352 vol.2 p. 372 vol.2 p. 376 vol.2 p. 456 vol.2 p. 462 vol.2 p. 468 NS vol.1 p. 116 NS vol.1 p. 124 NS vol.1 p. 156 NS vol.1 p. 234 NS vol.1 p. 280 NS vol.1 p. 462 NS vol.1 p. 446 NS vol.1 p. 472 NS vol.1 p. 474 NS vol.2 p. 8 NS vol.2 p. 10 NS vol.2 p. 16 NS vol.2 p. 10 NS vol.2 p. 100 NS vol.2 p. 196 NS vol.2 p. 198 NS vol.2 p. 200 NS vol.2 p. 330 NS vol.2 p. 340 NS vol.2 p. 372A NS vol.2 p. 372B NS vol.2 p. 380 NS vol.3 p. 162 NS vol.3 p. 212